Difference between revisions of "Install"
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== Development ==
== Development ==
[http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.1..tar.gz Nginx 1.1.]<br />
, 2012<br />
Revision as of 15:37, 12 April 2012
The Configuration page will give you some help getting things going after you get Nginx installed and the Pitfalls page will help keep you from making mistakes that so many users before you did. These two pages give you the chance to learn from others mistakes and hard work.
Prebuilt Packages for Linux and BSD
Most Linux distributions and BSD variants have Nginx in the usual package repositories and they can be installed via whatever method is normally used to install software (apt-get on Debian, emerge on Gentoo, ports on FreeBSD, etc).
Be aware that these packages are often somewhat out-of-date. If you want the latest features and bugfixes, it's recommended to build from source or use packages directly from nginx.org.
Official Red Hat/CentOS packages
To add nginx yum repository, create a file named /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo and paste one of the configurations below:
[nginx] name=nginx repo baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/ gpgcheck=0 enabled=1
[nginx] name=nginx repo baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/rhel/$releasever/$basearch/ gpgcheck=0 enabled=1
Due to differences between how CentOS, RHEL, and Scientific Linux populate the $releasever variable, it is necessary to manually replace $releasever with either "5" (for 5.x) or "6" (for 6.x), depending upon your OS version.
Official Debian/Ubuntu packages
Append the appropriate stanza to /etc/apt/sources.list. The Pgp page explains the signing of the nginx.org released packaging.
deb http://nginx.org/packages/ubuntu/ lucid nginx deb-src http://nginx.org/packages/ubuntu/ lucid nginx
deb http://nginx.org/packages/debian/ squeeze nginx deb-src http://nginx.org/packages/debian/ squeeze nginx
This PPA is maintained by volunteers and is not distributed by nginx.org. It has some additional compiled-in modules and may be more fitting for your environment.
You can get the latest stable version of Nginx from the Nginx PPA on Launchpad: You will need to have root privileges to perform the following commands.
For Ubuntu 10.04 and newer:
sudo -s nginx=stable # use nginx=development for latest development version add-apt-repository ppa:nginx/$nginx apt-get update apt-get install nginx
If you get an error about add-apt-repository not existing, you will want to install python-software-properties. For other Debian/Ubuntu based distributions, you can try the lucid variant of the PPA which is the most likely to work on older package sets.
sudo -s nginx=stable # use nginx=development for latest development version echo "deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/nginx/$nginx/ubuntu lucid main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx-$nginx-lucid.list apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys C300EE8C apt-get update apt-get install nginx
Official Win32 Binaries
As of 0.8.50, Nginx is now available as an official Windows binary.
The Windows version is provided as a binary-only due to the current build process (which currently uses some Wine tools). When the build process has been cleaned up, source will be made available. Igor does not want to support build issues with the current system.
cd c:\ unzip nginx-1.0.9.zip ren nginx-1.0.9 nginx cd nginx start nginx
nginx -s [ stop | quit | reopen | reload ]
For problems look in c:\nginx\logs\error.log or in EventLog.
In addition, Kevin Worthington maintains earlier Windows builds of the development branch.
There are currently three versions of Nginx available: stable (1.0.x), development (1.1.x), and legacy (0.8.x). The development branch gets new features and bugfixes sooner but might introduce new bugs as well. Once bugfixes are stabilized they are backported to the stable branch. New features may or may not be backported.
In general, the stable release is recommended, but the development release is typically quite stable as well. See the FAQ.
Building Nginx From Source
After extracting the source, run these commands from a terminal:
./configure make sudo make install
By default, Nginx will be installed in /usr/local/nginx. You may change this and other options with the compile-time options.
You might also want to peruse the catalog of third-party modules, since these must be built at compile-time.
This is a list of other community maintained pages explaining other installations. Please note, that these pages are not thoroughly, if at all, reviewed for accuracy as they are on this page.