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(Server Block Examples)
 
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= Virtual Hosts Examples =
+
= Server Block Examples =
  
== Two Virtual Hosts, Serving Static Files ==
+
Note: "VirtualHost" is an Apache term. Nginx does not have Virtual hosts, it has "Server Blocks" that use the server_name and listen directives to bind to tcp sockets.
 +
 
 +
== Two Server Blocks, Serving Static Files ==
 
<geshi lang=nginx>
 
<geshi lang=nginx>
  
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</geshi>
 
</geshi>
  
== A Default Catchall Virtual Host ==
+
== A Default "Catch All" Server Block ==
  
 
<geshi lang=nginx>
 
<geshi lang=nginx>
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server {
 
server {
 
   # Replace this port with the right one for your requirements
 
   # Replace this port with the right one for your requirements
   listen 80 [default|default_server];  #could also be 1.2.3.4:80
+
   listen 80 default_server;  #could also be 1.2.3.4:80
  
 
   # Multiple hostnames separated by spaces.  Replace these as well.
 
   # Multiple hostnames separated by spaces.  Replace these as well.
 
   server_name star.yourdomain.com *.yourdomain.com; # Alternately: _
 
   server_name star.yourdomain.com *.yourdomain.com; # Alternately: _
  
   root /PATH/TO/WEBROOT/$host;
+
   root /PATH/TO/WEBROOT;
  
 
   error_page 404 errors/404.html;
 
   error_page 404 errors/404.html;
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   index index.php index.html index.htm;
 
   index index.php index.html index.htm;
  
   # serve static files directly
+
   # static file 404's aren't logged and expires header is set to maximum age
 
   location ~* \.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|html)$ {
 
   location ~* \.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|html)$ {
 
     access_log off;
 
     access_log off;

Latest revision as of 14:13, 17 February 2012

Contents

Server Block Examples

Note: "VirtualHost" is an Apache term. Nginx does not have Virtual hosts, it has "Server Blocks" that use the server_name and listen directives to bind to tcp sockets.

Two Server Blocks, Serving Static Files

http {
  index index.html;
 
  server {
    server_name www.domain1.com;
    access_log logs/domain1.access.log main;
 
    root /var/www/domain1.com/htdocs;
  }
 
  server {
    server_name www.domain2.com;
    access_log  logs/domain2.access.log main;
 
    root /var/www/domain2.com/htdocs;
  }
}

A Default "Catch All" Server Block

http {
  index index.html;
 
  server {
    listen 80 default_server;
    server_name _; # This is just an invalid value which will never trigger on a real hostname.
    access_log logs/default.access.log main;
 
    server_name_in_redirect off;
 
    root  /var/www/default/htdocs;
  }
}

Wildcard Subdomains in a Parent Folder

This is just a really easy way to keep adding new subdomains, or to add new domains automatically when DNS records are pointed at the server. Note that I have included FCGI here as well. If you want to just serve static files, strip out the FCGI config and change the default document to index.html. Rather than creating a new vhost.conf file for every domain, just create one of these:

server {
  # Replace this port with the right one for your requirements
  listen 80 default_server;  #could also be 1.2.3.4:80
 
  # Multiple hostnames separated by spaces.  Replace these as well.
  server_name star.yourdomain.com *.yourdomain.com; # Alternately: _
 
  root /PATH/TO/WEBROOT;
 
  error_page 404 errors/404.html;
  access_log logs/star.yourdomain.com.access.log;
 
  index index.php index.html index.htm;
 
  # static file 404's aren't logged and expires header is set to maximum age
  location ~* \.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|html)$ {
    access_log off;
    expires max;
  }
 
  location ~ \.php$ {
    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    # By all means use a different server for the fcgi processes if you need to
    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:YOURFCGIPORTHERE;
  }
 
  location ~ /\.ht {
    deny  all;
  }
}